Kūkais Initiation

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Kūkais Initiation

In einem Bericht, den Kūkai nach seiner Rückkehr aus China für den kaiserlichen Hof verfasste, beschreibt er die mystischen Erlebnisse seiner Initiation in den esoterischen Buddhismus unter seinem chinesischen Meister Huiguo folgendermaßen:

Kuukai2.jpg
Kūkai, hier auch bekannt als der „nordwärtsgewandte Kōbō Daishi“ mit Vajra und Gebetskette (juzu). Kamakura-Zeit
Bildquelle: unbekannt
1 Kōbō Daishi Kūkai

One day, in the course of my calls on eminent Buddhist teachers of the capital, I happened by chance to meet the abbot of the East Pagoda Hall of the Green Dragon Temple. This great priest, whose Buddhist name was Hui-kuo, was the chosen disciple of the Indian master Amoghavajra. His virtue aroused the reverence of his age; his teachings were lofty enough to guide emperors. Three sovereigns revered him as their master and were ordained by him. The four classes of believers looked up to him for instruction in the esoteric teachings.

I called on the abbot in the company of five or six monks from the Hsi-ming Temple. As soon as he saw me he smiled with pleasure, and he joyfully said, 'I knew that you would come! I have been waiting for such a long time. What pleasure it gives me to look on you today at last! My life is drawing to an end, and until you came there was no one to whom I could transmit the teachings. Go without delay to the ordination altar with incense and a flower.' I returned to the temple where I had been staying and got the things which were necessary for the ceremony. It was early in the sixth moon, then, that I entered the ordination chamber. I stood in front of the Womb Mandala [Garbha Mandala] and cast my flower in the prescribed manner. By chance it fell on the body of the Buddha Vairocana in the centre. The master exclaimed in delight, 'How amazing! How perfectly amazing!' He repeated this three or four times in joy and wonder. I was then given the fivefold baptism and received the instruction in the Three Mysteries that bring divine intercession. Next I was taught the Sanskrit formulas for the Womb Mandala, and learned the yoga contemplation on all the Honoured Ones.

Early in the seventh moon I entered the ordination chamber of the Diamond [vajra] Mandala for a second baptism. When I cast my flower it fell on Vairocana again, and the abbot marvelled as he had before. I also received ordination as an acharya early in the following month.

De Bary 1958, S. 144-46. [Jap. Originaltext: Kobo Daishi Zenshu I: 98 ff.]

Verweise

Literatur

Wm. Theodore de Bary, e.a. (Hg.) 1958
Sources of Japanese Tradition, Volume 2: 1600–1868. New York: Columbia University Press 1958.

Bilder

Quellen und Erläuterungen zu den Bildern auf dieser Seite:

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    Kuukai2.jpg

    Kūkai, hier auch bekannt als der „nordwärtsgewandte Kōbō Daishi“ mit Vajra und Gebetskette (juzu). Kamakura-Zeit
    Bildquelle: unbekannt


Glossar

Namen und Fachbegriffe auf dieser Seite:

  • Buddha (skt.) बुद्ध ^ „Der Erleuchtete“ (jap. butsu, hotoke 仏 oder Budda 仏陀)
  • Huiguo (chin.) 惠果 ^ 746–806; ältere Schreibung Hui-kuo; chin. Lehrer Kūkais
  • Kūkai 空海 ^ 774–835, Gründer des Shingon Buddhismus; Eigennamen Saeki Mao, Ehrennamen Kōbō Daishi
  • maṇḍala (skt.) मण्डल ^ „Kreis“, schematische Darstellung der kosmischen Ordnung (jap. mandara 曼荼羅)
  • Vairocana (skt.) वैरोचन ^ „Sonne, sonnenhaft“, Buddha-Name (jap. Birushana/Rushana 毘盧舎那/盧舎那 oder Dainichi 大日)
  • vajra (skt.) वज्र ^ „Donnerkeil“, Ritualinstrument und Symbol des tantristischen/esoterischen Buddhismus (jap. kongō 金剛)
Religion in JapanGeschichteKukaiKukais Initiation
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Diese Seite:

„Kūkais Initiation.“ In: Bernhard Scheid, Religion-in-Japan: Ein digitales Handbuch. Universität Wien, seit 2001